The Communism in China not only impacts the government in terms of economics, but it also causes hardships for the individuals of China. The Chinese Communist Party is the ruling party of China and focuses mainly on ideology and politics. The party was founded in 1921 in the city of Shanghai, China. The term Communism is defined as a system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being attributed to the community asa whole or to the state. According to Journal of Chinese Political Science, "The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) tightly controls the 'direct elections' and takes every measure in the elections to prevent grassroots power from entering even the primary-level people's congresses".

The Brutality of Chinese Communist Party and Government

At the turn of the 20th century, there was anything but peace. At that time, China was devastated by war and by the government continuously changing dynasties, from the last imperial dynasty to the first republic. In order for Chairman Mao to eliminate his political enemies, he launched the Great Leap Forward. Leaders believed China could catch up with the West in just ten to twenty years. Moying Li explains, "But instead of a "great leap," what we experienced was three years of natural and human calamity, when crops were destroyed by drought and insects and millions of people died of starvation" (foreword xii). Even as a four-year old girl Moying Li was harshly affected by this life style change and caught up with this overwhelming force. The Cultural Revolution brought on tragedy that would lie within the Chinese people for the rest of their lives. Families were torn apart. Fathers died in battle, some were beaten to death by the Red Guards, others hung themselves. Family members were taken away, such as Moying Li's Baba. Anyone considered an enemy of the people, or against Chairman Mao's teachings were taken by the Red Guards. Among Moying Li having to deal with her father being taken, her most prized possessions were captured and destroyed. The Red Guards took away Baba's grand collection of books. These books and literature in general were dear to both Moying Li and her Baba. When these books were missing, a part of them were too.
It was hard for Chinese children to understand why their own Communist party and nation seemed to be against its own people. At such a young age, Moying Li and her friends were put through extreme hardships. No matter what, they were there for each other, for the better and the worse but mostly the worse. These children had to witness their teachers being beaten, family members taken away, and most importantly their education withdrawn, leaving them illiterate for years. Moying Li says, "Even though I had started English at age nine, the Cultural Revolution had cut my studies short three years later. School had been on and off since then, and the only book we were allowed to study in English was Mao's Little Red Book" (102).
The Communist Revolution created hardships for the government, economy, and each individual of the country. These individuals will carry their personal tragedies with them for the rest of their lives. Each story will be passed down from generation to generation. The misfortune caused by the Communist Party will live forever within the lives of the Chinese people.

Mao's Little Red Book
A propaganda poster featuring Chinese citizens shouting happily at Chairman Mao while holding the Little Red Book. Written in Chinese are the words: "Long live Chairman Mao! May he live ten thousand years!"

"The Chinese Communist Party is the core of leadership of the whole Chinese people. Without this core, the cause of socialism cannot be victorious."
Talk at the general reception for the delegates to the Third National Congress of the New Democratic Youth League of China (May 25, 1957).


  • Date of Establishment: July 1, 1921
  • Place of Establishment: Shanghai, China
  • General Secretary of the Central Committee: Hu Jintao (Elected in 16th and Re-elected in 17th Party National Congress)

CPC Chairman Hu Jintao

  • Motto: Seeking Truth From the Facts
  • Ultimate Goal: Establishment of a communist social system
  • Flag and Emblem:

Flag and Emblem

  • Total Number of Party Members: 80.27 million (Dec. 2010)
  • Total Number of Branches: Over 3.3 millions
  • The Party's Constitution: The Constitution of the Communist Party of China